Flint & Flour Corn (Maize) Varieties
Native American lore, maize (or corn as it is commonly called in the
U.S.) was one of the "three sisters." Along with beans and squash, the
three sisters were planted and grown together, supporting each other in
their life cycle and providing a very balanced diet of carbohydrates,
proteins and vegetable fats to their cultivators.
typically has hard seed coats that with rounded, smooth, kernels
consisting of soft starch covered by horny starch. Many “Indian” corn
types are flint type. The are well suited for making good quality corn
meal or ground and used for livestock feed.
Flour corn is composed almost completely of soft starch with thin seed coats.
Kernels are round and smooth like flint corns. In these modern times,
they are primarily used for making corn flour.
however, flour corn was also raised and used for parching. Parching is a
process whereby the kernels are gently roasted until they slightly
expand, the seed coat splits and the kernels become soft. Parched corn
was used as a snack or trail provision and could last several months if
You can parch just about any flour corn variety
but some are better suited than others. White and yellow varieties are
typically the least flavorful parched. Try using the more colorful varieties as then
tend to be neither bland nor strong tasting. Many are sweet with
flavors that develop further as they are chewed.
For planting information and tips, click here. For more information about corn, see the rest of the story at the bottom of this page.
Click on a variety's picture for more information and quantity pricing options.