Sorghum is a genus of numerous species of grasses, one of which is raised for grain and many of which are used as fodder plant.
Sorghum bicolor, is the species of sorghum primarily cultivated for its grain and is used for food and animal feed. It is also used as a raw material for ethanol production. The stalks are similar to corn but they do not produce ears. Seed heads appear from the tops of the plants instead of a tassel. Sorghum is the fifth major cereal grain crop in the world (CGIAR Research).
Sorghum originated in northern Africa, but is now widely cultivated. It is typically an annual, but some cultivars are perennial. It grows in clumps that can reach over ten to twelve feet high.
Sweet sorghums are varieties that are primarily grown for foliage, syrup, and ethanol production. They are taller than varieties grown for grain.
Cultivation Instructions: Sorghum should be planted in warm soils after all danger of frost has past. The small seeds should be planted at a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 inch. Germination can take ten days or longer depending on weather conditions and soil temperature.
The seedlings may need to be thinned so that the plants are spaced six to eight inches apart. The plant will form many small “suckers.” These suckers often produce a seed head so don't bother pruning them off.