Flint & Flour Corn (Maize) Varieties
(Zea mays)

In Native American lore, maize (or corn as it is commonly called in the U.S.) was one of the "three sisters."  Along with beans and squash, the three sisters were planted and grown together, supporting each other in their life cycle and providing a very balanced diet of carbohydrates, proteins and vegetable fats to their cultivators.

Flint corn typically has hard seed coats that with rounded, smooth, kernels consisting of soft starch covered by horny starch[1]. Many “Indian” corn types are flint type.  The are well suited for making good quality corn meal or ground and used for livestock feed.

Flour corn is composed almost completely of soft starch with thin seed coats.  Kernels are round and smooth like flint corns.  In these modern times, they are primarily used for making corn flour.

Historically however, flour corn was also raised and used for parching.  Parching is a process whereby the kernels are gently roasted until they slightly expand, the seed coat splits and the kernels become soft.  Parched corn was used as a snack or trail provision and could last several months if stored properly.

You can parch just about any flour corn variety but some are better suited than others.  White and yellow varieties are typically the least flavorful parched.  Try using the more colorful varieties as then tend to be neither bland nor strong tasting.  Many are sweet with flavors that develop further as they are chewed.

For planting information and tips, click here.  For more information about corn, see the rest of the story at the bottom of this page.

Click on a variety's picture for more information and quantity pricing options.

Products (Total Items: 8)
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Bronze-Orange Corn
Beautiful golden, bronze and orange kernels. For fresh eating, flour and meal.
Candy Red Flint Corn
Ears are 8-9 inches long with 12-16 rows of deep-red, hard, glassy, flint-type kernels on white cobs.
Floriani Red Flint Corn
The staple polenta corn for the Valsugana Valley near Trento, Italy.
Glass Gem Corn
Absolutely amazing! The translucent, multicolored kernels shimmer and shine like gemstones.
$4.95 $3.25
Indian Ornamental (Rainbow) Corn
Flour variety, great colors for drying and ornamental use.
Mandan Red Flour Corn
Early maturing, small plants, ears are excellent for fresh eating or allowed to mature for flour and meal.
Painted Mountain Corn
An extremely hardy, nutritious, and beautiful dual purpose, ornamental flour corn variety.
Petmecky Corn
A very old Texas family heirloom grain corn with Native American roots. Beautiful and tasty.
About Corn (Maize)

Native American corn was the genetic foundation of all other corn varieties.  "Indian" corn is rarely grown in the garden today.  Columbus was one of the first Europeans to see maize or corn.  The Pueblo Indians were raising irrigated corn in the American Southwest when Coronado visited in 1540.  The settlers at Jamestown were taught how to raise it in 1608 and in 1620, it helped to keep the Pilgrims alive over winter.  Corn cobs were found in Tehucan, Mexico that date back 7000 years.

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