Yellow Sweet Corn
78 days — This is the old standard yellow sweet corn that has been the home gardener's favorite since the beginning of the twentieth century. The plants grow to about six feet and produce seven inch ears loaded with eight to ten rows of sweet, plump, golden kernels. Very early, very tasty.
In 1902, 'Golden Bantam' was introduced and prominently featured in the Burpee catalog. Before 1900, most people thought that yellow corn was fit only for animal feed. Within a few years of the release of 'Golden Bantam', people in the United States began to favor yellow corn over white, black and orange sweet corn varieties.
Prior to receiving its name from W. Atlee Burpee
, 'Golden Bantam' started out as a personal variety of one man. The story of its origins was described in the 1903 W. A. Burpee Farm Annual as follows: There was "an old gentleman
a farmer in Greenfield, Massachusetts named William Chambers, ". . . who had a fancy for furnishing his friends with some choice early corn long before they had thought of having any ripe enough for the table,— but he would never let any of them have any to plant.
After Mr. Chambers passed away in about 1891, the variety was, ". . . kept pure and constantly selected by Mr. J. G. Pickett, also of Greenfield, Massachusetts.
Then in the spring of 1900 a friend of W. Atlee Burpee
named E. L. Coy, a veteran seed grower from New York, happened to be visiting family in Greenfield and was served the corn as part of a meal.
Realizing its potential for the seed trade, Mr. Coy sought out and obtained all of the seed that Mr. Pickett could spare, which was less than two quarts. He sent the seed off to Mr. Burpee writing, "You now own the very sweetest and richest corn ever known , and I am very glad to help you to its ownership.
For two years, W. Atlee Burpee
trialed and increased the seed inventory and then rechristening it as 'Golden Bantam', introduced it to the public in 1902. The rest is history!
So what is the rest of the story? How did William Chambers create his corn variety? The first named variety of yellow sweet corn was introduced in the late 1860s by James J. H. Gregory of Marblehead, Massachusetts and called 'Golden Sweet'.
Mr. Chambers started with that variety and worked for many years, ". . . selecting and refining the gold until he had produced the substantial improvements which characterize the newer variety.
Evidently, the demand for a yellow or golden sweet corn was limited and by the late 1880s, 'Golden Sweet' had disappeared.
Incidentally, 'Golden Sweet' was bred and stabilized from a cross between a yellow field corn called "Common Yellow" and the first sweet corn variety given a proper name, 'Darling's Early'.
Each ounce is approximately 70 to 110 seeds.