Cucumbers
Cucumis sativus

Cucumbers are heavy feeders so work well composted material into the area you are planting in. Sow after the soil temperatures are above 70 to 95ºF. Plant seeds ½ to one inch deep, six inches between plants and and in hills or rows four to six feet apart.

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Each packet contains one gram or approximately 25 to 30 seeds.

Products (Total Items: 22)
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Addis Cucumber
Dark-green colored fruits with white spines, straight and cylindrical in shape.
$2.15
Armenian Cucumber Melon
Fruit grow uniformly and reach between 2 to 3 feet in length and about 2 inches in diameter.
$2.15
Ashley Cucumber
Early, dark-green, 7-8 inches long, tapered. Excellent slicer.
$2.15
Boston Pickling Improved Cucumber
Blocky, bright green fruits. Perfect for pickling.
$2.15
Bush Crop Cucumber
A deep green 6-8 inch slicing variety on bush-type plants.
$2.85
Chinese Curved Snake Cucumber
Smooth, dark-green, 15-18 inches long, curved on strong vines.
$2.15
Homemade Pickles Cucumber
A heavy producer of solid, crisp fruit.
$2.15
Lemon (Apple) Cucumber
Flesh is crispy white, sweet, and burpless.
$2.15
Long Green Improved Cucumber
Vigorous and dependable dating back to the 1800s.
$2.15
Marketer Cucumber
Uniform in shape and color, dark green, smooth and slender.
$2.15
Marketmore 76 Cucumber
Sweet mild flavor and are very disease resistant.
$2.15
Muncher Cucumber
Smooth, tender, burpless fruit.
$2.15
National Pickling Cucumber
A heavy producer of solid, crisp fruit.
$2.15
Rhinish Pickle Cucumber
An old German pickling variety.
$2.15
Snow's Fancy Pickling Cucumber
A very nice, old, pickling variety that is good for slicing too.
$2.15
Spacemaster 80 Cucumber
Dwarf plants are productive. Disease resistant.
$2.15
Straight Eight Cucumber
Dark green, blunt ended, cylindrical, 7 to 8 inch long fruit.
$2.15
Sumter Cucumber
Medium-green color with white spines, blocky and slightly tapered.
$2.15
Tendergreen Burpless Cucumber
Light green color, long and smooth skinned.
$2.15
West Indian Gherkin Cucumber
Used for small pickles and relishes for centuries.
$2.15
White Wonder Cucumber
Popular for slicing and pickling. The white fruits are 5 to 6 inches long.
$2.15
 
 
 
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Other Issues:

Cucumbers will cross with one another but not with other plants in the Cucurbitaceae family. For instance, 'Lemon Apple' will readily cross with 'Homemade Pickles' but it will not cross with 'West Indian Gherkin'.

If you are planning to save seed and growing more than one variety of cucumber (Cucumis sativus), you will need to isolate them from one another by about ½ mile or hand pollinate to insure seed purity.

Cucumbers are also slightly day length sensitive. That is they produce the most female flowers when the days are about eleven hours long. This is why it is common to have a shortage of cucumbers in midsummer in some areas.

This day length phenomenon is not to be confused with a problem that some hybrids exhibit. Some hybrid cucumber varieties are what are known as gynoecious. That is, they only produce female flowers. How the seed companies get around this problem is by placing a small number of seeds from a standard-type, but similar cucumber into the pack. The odds are usually good that if you plant the packet and everything grows, you will get both male and female flowers so that pollination will occur and you will get fruit.

The older, standard varieties that we offer are not unstable hybrids. They are open-pollinated (e.g. will breed true to type if not crossed with another variety) and the same vines will produce both male and female flowers.

Harvest Tips:
• The optimal size for harvest depends on the specific characteristics of the variety.
• In general, they should be harvested when green and firm. Even 'Lemon Apple' cucumbers should be harvested green with only the slightest yellow blush.
• The adage that "bigger is better" does not hold true for cucumbers. No matter the variety, they tend to become bitter the more they mature.
• Remove the cucumbers from the plants by cutting so as not to damage the vines. Additionally, leave a small bit of the stem on the fruits. This will allow them to store in your refrigerator longer.

click for recipe for a recipe for Grandma Marjorie Dunton's sweet dill pickles.

click for recipe for a recipe for Grandma Eda Dunton's sweet pickles.



Information Sources:
  1.  Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America
  2. "Vegetables of New York - Vol. 1 Part IV - The Cucurbits" - New York A. E. S., 1937

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