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Home>Tobacco Seeds
Burley 21 Tobacco<br><b>Coming Soon</b>
'Burley 21' tobacco leaf.
Burley 21 Tobacco
Coming Soon
Item Id: 1001771

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Burley 21
Nicotiana tabacum L
[ Approximately 100 seeds per packet ]

As the first tobacco cultivar with resistance to wildfire bacteria, 'Burley 21' was an important development, taking many years and the cooperative work of public and private organizations to accomplish.

Classified as an "air-cured" Burley-type tobacco, 'Burley 21' grows five to six feet in height. Its leaves are large (eleven inches wide by twenty-six long), and historically used for cigarette and pipe tobacco blending. 'Burley 21' combines disease resistance with good standup tobacco-type; high quality, and high-yielding potential.

'Burley 21' was developed from a complex series of crosses and back-crosses which included the species Nicotiana longiflora for its resistance to wildfire bacteria, and Nicotiana glutinosa for its resistance to tobacco mosaic of the local-lesion type. By the time that it was stabilized and released for planting in 1955, eight generations of selfing had been accomplished. See notes below for information on the development team.

Our seed originated from USDA accession number PI 552298 which entered the collection on August 1,1961. Our seed stock is grown for us by David Pendergrass from Tennessee.

Informational Resources:
  1. "Development of BURLEY 21, the First Wildfire-resistant Tobacco Variety; Including results of variety trials," by, Howard E. Heggestad, E. E. Clayton, M. O. Neas, H. A. Skoog, Bulletin 321, December, 1960.

The team of individuals and organizations involved in developing 'Burley 21' include, J. Hugh Felts, Superintendent of the Tobacco Experiment Station, Greeneville, Tennessee, who helped conduct the experimental work; D. R. Bowman and R. N. Jeffrey, Plant Physiologists, Crops Research Division, Agricultural Research Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Knoxville, Tennessee, and Beltsville, Maryland, respectively, for chemical analysis; the American Tobacco Company, the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, and the Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company for quality determinations; the Tobacco Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA, for grading the experimental lots of tobacco; Branch Tennessee Experiment Station superintendents and growers whose cooperation made the variety tests possible; and, to the personnel of the Extension Service who helped evaluate Burley 21.

Tobacco plants are very interesting, ornamental, and have uses apart from consumption. This section of the website is intended for the historical and informational purposes of thinking adults. Anyone who has been raised since the turn of the 20th century already knows that tobacco can be addictive and can contribute to various medical ailments.  If you do not smoke, it would seem illogical to start.  We in no way encourage people to use any form of tobacco product.

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