Cowpeas or Southern Peas
Vigna unguiculata subsp.

Southern Peas, or "Cowpeas" as they are known to Northerners, are thought to be native to the continent of Africa and brought to the United States in early Colonial times during the slave trade. They became a staple food in the Southeastern United States where they are eaten as green shelled peas or left to dry on the vine for later use.

They are more likely to succeed in areas with warm soil temperatures (at least 60F) and no danger of frost for ninety to one hundred days after planting. They are highly tolerant of drought and a wide variety of soil conditions, including heavy clay and sandy soils. Soil pH can range from 5.5 to 7. In areas with cooler climates, the plants will tend to be plagued with pests and disease.

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Each packet contains one ounce or about enough to plant a 10-foot row.

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Products (Total Items: 27)
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Big Boy Purplehull Southern Pea<br><b>Sold Out for 2019</b>
Large, purple pods at the green shell stage with lage peas
$2.45
Big Boy Southern Pea
Very productive pea; good for fresh use, freezing or canning.
$2.45
Black Crowder Southern Pea
Peas are deep purple color when shelled and turn black when dried.
$2.45
Blue Goose Crowder Cowpea
Rare. Peas are speckled with long pods. Very productive.
$3.25
California Blackeye #46 Southern Pea
Peas are cream-colored seed coats with black pigment around eye.
$2.45
California Blackeye #5 Southern Pea
High yielding, vigorous and fairly easy to grow.
$2.45
Champion Southern Pea
AKA 'Cream 76', it is excellent for freezing and canning.
$2.45
Colossus Southern Pea
Brown peas that shell easily.
$2.45
Coronet Southern Pea
The plants are upright and compact. 62 days to green shell stage.
$2.45
Cream 8 Southern Pea
Nice variety for both home and market gardens and excellent for freezing.
$2.45
Dimpled Brown Crowder Southern Pea
Prolific, contain 12-15 fine-flavored peas each, and are closely bunched making picking easy.
$2.45
Dixielee Southern Pea
Peas are brown and are easy to shell.
$2.45
Elite Southern Pea
Erect growth habit; concentrated set.
$2.45
Fagiolino Dolico di Veneto Cowpea
Prolific, pods are upright on erect, bush-like, dwarf, plants. Very easy to pick.
$2.45
Fast Lady Northern Southern Pea
$3.25
Lady Southern Pea
Very tasty, very small, and cream colored with a darker eye.
$3.25
Mayo Speckled Southern Pea
Productive. Peas are tan to brown mottled with darker brown.
$3.25
Mississippi Purple Southern Pea
Pods are reddish-purple with large brown peas that are very easy to shell.
$2.45
Mississippi Silver Southern Pea
Pods are silvery-green and produced large, meaty, brown seeds.
$2.45
Pigeon Pea
Vigorous, productive, drought-tolerant legume.
$2.45
Pinkeye Purple Hull BVR Southern Pea
Very productive, early maturing, disease resistant, bush to semi-vining plants with purple pods that are 6 to 7 inches long.
$2.45
 
 
 
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Growing Information:

Southern Peas can be planted from May to August, as soon as the soil has warmed to about 65F. Most varieties are ready to harvest at the green pea stage in about sixty days and at the dry stage in seventy five to one hundred days.  Therefore in most areas, Southern Peas really should be planted in May or June.

Plant four to six seeds per foot, 3/4 to 1-1/4 inches deep in rows twenty to thirty six inches apart. Control weeds early in the season with shallow cultivation. Later the peas will shade out most weeds. Avoid cultivation after the plants begin to bloom. Irrigation is normally not necessary; southern peas are renowned for their ability to grow and produce under harsh conditions. As a legume, they have the ability to fix their own nitrogen from the air so planting in too rich of soil or fertilizing can cause the plants to keep growing (running) and with pod production greatly affected.  Southern peas are self-pollinating with insects, as well as wind, being responsible for moving the pollen to achieve fertilization.

There are several types, groups or categories of Southern Peas.  These include:

For more information, click here for a PDF document on growing Southern Peas.

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