Cowpeas or Southern Peas
Vigna unguiculata subsp.

Southern Peas, or "Cowpeas" as they are known to Northerners, are thought to be native to the continent of Africa and brought to the United States in early Colonial times during the slave trade. They became a staple food in the Southeastern United States where they are eaten as green shelled peas or left to dry on the vine for later use.

They are more likely to succeed in areas with warm soil temperatures (at least 60ºF) and no danger of frost for ninety to one hundred days after planting. They are highly tolerant of drought and a wide variety of soil conditions, including heavy clay and sandy soils. Soil pH can range from 5.5 to 7. In areas with cooler climates, the plants will tend to be plagued with pests and disease.

Each ounce is about enough seed to plant a ten foot row.
Click on variety's picture or name below for more information and quantity pricing options (where available).
Products (Total Items: 21)
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California Blackeye #46 Southern Pea
Peas are cream-colored seed coats with black pigment around eye.
California Blackeye #5 Southern Pea
High yielding, vigorous and fairly easy to grow.
Champion Southern Pea
AKA 'Cream 76', it is excellent for freezing and canning.
Chinese Red Southern Pea
Good for canning, soil improvement and wildlife plantings.
Coronet Southern Pea
The plants are upright and compact. 62 days to green shell stage.
Cream 8 Southern Pea
Nice variety for both home and market gardens and excellent for freezing.
CT Dimpled Brown Crowder Southern Pea<br><b>SOLD OUT - Please Check Back</b>
Prolific, contain 12-15 fine-flavored peas each, and are closely bunched making picking easy.
Elite Southern Pea
Erect growth habit; concentrated set.
Fagiolino Dolico di Veneto Cowpea
Prolific, pods are upright on erect, bush-like, dwarf, plants. Very easy to pick.
Iron & Clay Southern Pea
Good for canning, soil improvement and wildlife plantings.
Knuckle Purplehull Southern Pea
Reddish to purple pods with large seeds that turn brown when dry.
Lady Southern Pea
Very tasty, very small, and cream colored with a darker eye.
Mayo Speckled Southern Pea
Productive. Peas are tan to brown mottled with darker brown.
Mississippi Purple Southern Pea
Pods are reddish-purple with large brown peas that are very easy to shell.
Mississippi Silver Southern Pea
Pods are silvery-green and produced large, meaty, brown seeds.
Pinkeye Purple Hull BVR Southern Pea<br><b>SOLD OUT - Please Check Back</b>
Very productive, early maturing, disease resistant, bush to semi-vining plants with purple pods that are 6 to 7 inches long.
Quickpick Pinkeye Southern Pea
Early. Dark-purple pods, 7-8 inches long, kidney-shaped peas with maroon eyes.
Sadandy Southern Pea
Generally used at the fresh shelling stage, 'Sadandy' is a medium maturing, "cream pea" type.
Texas Cream 12 Southern Pea
A bush-type, cream pea variety for home and market gardeners.
Texas Cream 40 Southern Pea
The seeds are small, kidney-shaped, and white with an orange eye.
White Acre Southern Pea<br><b>SOLD OUT</b>
An old heirloom cream pea matures early and produces over a long period.

Growing Information:

Southern Peas can be planted from May to August, as soon as the soil has warmed to about 65ºF. Most varieties are ready to harvest at the green pea stage in about sixty days and at the dry stage in seventy five to one hundred days. Therefore in most areas, Southern Peas really should be planted in May or June.

Plant four to six seeds per foot, 3/4 to 1-1/4 inches deep in rows twenty to thirty-six inches apart. Control weeds early in the season with shallow cultivation. Later the peas will shade out most weeds. Avoid cultivation after the plants begin to bloom. Irrigation is normally not necessary; southern peas are renowned for their ability to grow and produce under harsh conditions. As a legume, they have the ability to fix their own nitrogen from the air so planting in too rich of soil or fertilizing can cause the plants to keep growing (running) and with pod production greatly affected. Southern peas are self-pollinating with insects, as well as wind, being responsible for moving the pollen to achieve fertilization.

There are several types, groups or categories of Southern Peas. These include:

For more information, click here for a PDF document on growing Southern Peas.

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